Tuesday, August 23, 2011

General Info about the 1910 Census

I found on Google books, the final report of Thirteenth Census of the United States.  It is rather long but I want to point out some interesting info.

The 70,000 enumerators were mostly paid on a piece rate of 2 to 4 cents per name.  The average amount received in city areas was $4 per day or $50 total for the period of the census.

The census results was recorded via punch cards.  Because of the complexity of the data, each card needed to run through the machines more than once, the reports state it was the equivalent of of processing 700 million cards.

The total population of the United States (excluding Phillipine Islands) was 93,402,151.
This represents a 21% increase over the 1900 census.

Ohio grew 14.7% 1900 to 1910.

Ohio was the 4th most populous state with a population of 14.8 million. Florida ranked 33rd and Tennessee ranked 17th.

The center of population was in Bloomington, IN having moved westward 20 miles from the 1900 census.

The percentage of residents in Urban areas increased from 40.5% to 46.3%.

Changes in sizes of Ohio Cities:
Akron  42,700 to 69,000
Cleveland 325,900 to 363,590
Zanesville 23,500 to 28,026

Pensacola, FL  17,700 to 22,900

Native Born (both parents born in US)  60.5%  {Sema}
Native (with both parents foreign born) 15.8%  {EAB}
Native Mixed (with one parent foreign born)  7.3%
with the rest foreign born                    14.7%

One important section was tracking the migration of population from their birth state to another state.

Another large section of the Abstract involves the country of origins of foreign born residents.

Only 62.3% of children age 6-20 attended school.  It is a little misleading using to age 20.
age 6-9  73%
10-14  88%
15-17   51%
18-20  15%

Compulsory school attendance laws existed in all but 7 states and most states didn't require it before 7 and after 14.

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